Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
Owain Brogyntyn and his Family
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
The Unofficial "History" of Elystan of Powys
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
The Royal Family of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Welsh Ancestry of the Tudor Dynasty
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam

                                      COMPOSITE LIVES OF ST BEUNO
                                               By Darrell Wolcott
         The principal authority for the history of St Beuno is a short life contained in Llyvr Agkyr Llandewivrevi. Written in Welsh, it was translated at the end of "Life and Miracles of S. Wenefrede", edited by Bishop Fleetwood in 1713.  The genealogy in the portion known as Buchedd Beuno says Beuno was "ap Bugi ap Gwynlliw ap Tegit ap Kadell drynlluc".[1]  His mother is cited as "Beren ferch Lawdden".  Other medieval pedigrees[2] call her "Pherferen ferch Lawdden Llydaw" and further identify her as a sister of Denyw, mother of St. Kentigern, and Tenoi, wife of Dyngad ap Nudd Hael and mother of St. Eleri.[3]
         Each of these citations point to a date near 515/520 for the birth of Beuno.  An immediate chronological problem occurs since the bulk of his life can be dated to the 570/640 era from the known floruit of men with whom he directly interfaced.  Further research makes it clear this "life" speaks of two different men called St. Beuno.  The one in the genealogies was born in Tegeingl and resided at Holywell.  He is the man whose sister, Gwenlo, was married to Tyfid ap Eiludd and bore a daughter, Gwenfrewi, who is better known as St. Winifred.  Those modern biographies which date her to the mid-seventh century do so incorrectly by associating her with a later St. Beuno.  She died in her early thirties while serving with her mother's cousin, St. Eleri, as abbess of Gwytherin.  All the other Saints named in her Vita Sancte Wenfrede were a generation older than Eleri.[4]  She seems to have been sent to St. Beuno for religious training as a maiden of perhaps 12/13 years old; her correct birthdate should be near 535.  Except for his association with St. Winifred and his Tegeingl locale, virtually nothing is known of this St. Beuno.  If he lived a full life, it would have ended c. 590.
          The other Beuno, whose pedigree is not given, was first associated with Welshpool in Powys and he ended his life about 640 in Clynnog on the Lleyn peninsula of Gwynedd.  The men with whom he interacted include Mawn and Cynan Garwyn, sons of Brochwel Ysgithrog, the young sons of Selyf ap Cynan, Cadfan ap Iago of Gwynedd and his son, Cadwallon.  The former were the Powys royal family, while the latter were kings of Gwynedd.  Both his place on the timeline and his familiarity with each of these men point to him being a son of Cynan Garwyn.  If so, the fact that Afandreg ferch Cynan was married to Cadfan ap Iago would have naturally led Beuno to visit his brother-in-law in Gwynedd.  His biographer mentions the death of Cadfan, which occurred c. 620, and a visit with Cadwallon soon after he assumed the kingship.  Cadwallon died soon after, falling in battle in 634.[5]
          The other notable event in Beuno's life concerned a daughter of Ynyr Gwent named Tigiwg.  She met a young carpenter from Gwynedd who had come to Gwent to help build a palace and fell in lust with him; her father "gave her in marriage" to the young man "lest she should have him in some other way".  When the man returned home to Gwynedd, he took his new wife with him but apparently did not share her passions.  Supposedly he killed her on the way home, but more likely he simply took off while she was asleep.  St. Beuno's men found the girl and brought her to the holy man who took her in as a new recruit to his brand of religion.  Sometime later, her brother Iddon came looking for her, apparently having heard the carpenter was back home with no wife in tow.  She chose to stay with Beuno, who then went with Iddon to confront her husband and secure the return of those wedding gifts he had received in Gwent.  This incident clearly did not involve the children of the Ynyr Gwent who some say married a daughter of Vortimer[6]; if such a Ynyr existed, he would belong to the fifth century.  The father of Tigiwd and Iddon certainly dates to the middle of the sixth century.  His ancestry is uncertain, but he was probably contemporary with Meurig ap Tewdrig of Gwent.
          Although the St. Beuno of Clynnog is the man intended to be honored by the medieval biographer, both the parentage cited for him and the story of St. Winifred belong to the earlier Beuno of Holywell. We suggest the following chart for the two men:
                                 380  Cadell Ddyrnllwg
                              l                                      l  
                   410  Pasgen                       415  Teged
                              l                                      l
                   440  Maun                         450  Gwynlliw
                              l                                      l
                   475  Cyngen                       485   Bugi
                              l                    ___________l____
                              l                    l                        l
         510  Brochwel Ysgithrog    St Beuno  515       Gwenlo 520
                             l               of Holywell                 l
                540  Cynan Garwin                           St Winifred  535
           l                  l               l  580
 575  Selyf   575 St Beuno     Afandreg==Cadfan 570
                     of Clynnog                   l
                                        600 Cadwallon ob 634

[1]  The pedigrees contained in Bonedd y Saint confuse the family of St. Beuno with that of St. Cadog since a man named Gwynlliw appears in both.  But St. Cadog was the son of Gwynlliw ap Glywys ap Solar filor descended from Maxen Wledig, while St. Beuno descended from Gwynlliw ap Tegid of the line of Cadell Ddyrnllwg.
[2] Bonedd y Saint, 30; Achau'r Saint, 26
[3] Bonedd y Saint, 14 & 18; Buchedd Llawddog; Buchedd Beuno
[4] Saints Deifer and Sadwrn, both born near 485 and elderly men when St Winifred was directed to St. Eleri, her grandmother's nephew. See Appendix 1
[5] Buchedd Beuno tells of King Cadwallon granting land to St. Beuno in return for a gold scepter; the land did not belong to the king and when Beuno asked for other land or the return of the scepter, Cadwallon refused to do either. The tale ends with Beuno issuing a curse that the king not long possess his lands.  Cadwallon was slain in battle shortly afterwards. Of course, no one except the biographer believes there was any connection between the events.
[6] Bonedd y Saint, 44/45 (if connected) cite the marriage of Madrun ferch Vortimer to Ynyr Gwent and incorrectly makes Iddon and Tigiwg children of that Ynyr. If a man called Ynyr Gwent married a daughter of Vortimer, he would date from c. 430 while the children cited belong to the Ynyr Gwent of the mid-sixth century. But it is more likely that the pedigrees numbered 44 and 45 are not connected at all, in which case the evidence for a fifth-century Ynyr rests solely on Vita S. Tathei in British Museum Cotton Ms Vespasian A xiv
APPENDIX 1 - Pedigree of St Eleri
            450  Gwynlliw            465  Llawdden         Nudd Hael  455
                       l                _________l______            l
                       l                l                        l           l
             485  Bugi=====Pherferen 495  500 Thenoi==Dyngad 490
                 _______l________                             l
                 l                        l                            l
  515  St Beuno         520  Gwenlo              520  St Eleri 
                          535  St Winefred