Guest-written Papers
Reference Abbreviations
Guidance Articles for Researchers
Single Family Analysis
Families of Mixed Origin
Family Pedigrees
Mis-identified Same-Named People in Wales
Battles and Historical Events
Ancient Welsh Territories
Welshmen in Llydaw, Brittany
The Men of the North
Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
Papers Related to Maxen Wledig
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
Britain's Royal Roman Family
The Royal Family of Powys
2nd Powys Royal Dynasty
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
Men Descended from Tudwal Gloff
Royal Family of Gwent/ Glamorgan
Royal Family of Brycheiniog
15 Noble Tribes of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Glast and the Glastening
Papers about Rhiryd Flaidd and Penllyn
The Men of Collwyn ap Tangno of Lleyn
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Ednowain Bendew in Welsh pedigrees
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Tudor Trefor and his Family
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
The Family of Trahaearn ap Caradog
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The 5 Dafydd Llwyds of Llanwrin Parish
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Sir Aaron ap Rhys
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
Ifor Bach, Lord of Senghenydd
Ancestors and Children of the Lord Rhys

                                  SOURCE  REFERENCE  ABBREVIATIONS
                                            ANCIENT WALES STUDIES
           The papers we publish on this site have, unless otherwise noted, footnotes which support factual genealogical claims which we have asserted. Where our source is one we seldom use, it is described as to author, title of the work, year published, etc.  However, sources we use often are generally presented in abbreviated form.  The following is a list of those abbreviations, grouped according to the type of the source:
1.  Early manuscript collections:
     Pen. = Peniarth Ms described by the number assigned by its holder
     Harl. = Harleian Ms also described by an assigned number
     BM Add = British Museum Additional Ms, described by number
     Bodleian Add = Bodleian Library at Oxford University Additional Ms, described by number
2.  Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts, an assembly of manuscripts published by Peter Bartrum, 1966:
     ByS = Bonedd y Saint (lineage of the Saints)
     ByA = Bonedd yr Arwyr (lineage of the Heroes)
     JC 20 = Jesus College Ms. 20
     ABT = Achau Brenhinoedd a Thywysogion Cymru (pedigrees of the Welsh Kings and Princes)
     HLG = Hen Lwythau Gwynedd a'r Mars (pedigrees of old patriarchs of North Wales and the March)
3.  Annual Journals of Historical Societies:
     Arch Cam = Archaeological Cambrensis (journal of the Cambrian Archaeological Assn)
     Trans. Soc of Cymm =  Transactions of the Honorable Society of Cymmrodorion
     Y Cymm = Y Cymmrodor, The Magazine of the Honorable Society of Cymmrodorion
     Mont. Coll = Collections Related to Montgomeryshire (journal of the Powys-land Club)
     BBCS = Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies
     NLW Journal = The National Library of Wales Journal
     WW Hist. = West Wales Historical Records (magazine of the Historical Society of West Wales)
4.  Welsh Annals and Chronicles:
     A/C = Annales Cambriae, events recorded by date
     ByT = Brut y Tywysogyon or Chronicle of the Princes  
               There are 3 modern published versions edited by Thomas Jones:
                     Peniarth Ms 20 version
                     Red Book of Hergest version
                     Brenhinedd y Saesson version
5.  Heraldic Visitation Pedigrees:
     Dwnn i, ii =  Lewys Dwnn, "Visitations of Wales 1586-1613", 2 volumes published in 1846
     Vis. Shrop = "Visitation of Shropshire, 1623", 2 volumes published in 1889
6.  Books of Pedigrees:
     LB = "Llyfr Baglan".  Collected by John Williams, 1600-1607, published in 1910
           (mostly men and families of Southeast Wales)
     PAC = "Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families", Charts by J.E. Griffith, 1914
          (this author presents family tree charts without providing any data showing his sources)  
     WG 300-1400 = Peter Bartrum's "Welsh Genealogies AD 300-1400", 8 volumes published 1974
         (sources are provided for individual names, but assembling names into family charts was often poorly handled, so conflations and generation gaps are extensive)