Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
Owain Brogyntyn and his Family
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
The Unofficial "History" of Elystan of Powys
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
The Royal Family of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Welsh Ancestry of the Tudor Dynasty
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam


Meirion Meirionydd "grandson" of Cunedda

Argues why the chronology and the text of Harleian Ms 3859 identify Meirion as the youngest son of Cunedda, not a son of Tybion ap Cunedda as most claim

Gwron, son of Cunedda

Seeks to explain why no son of Cunedda of this name appears in the earliest lists and suggests Gwron is actually a corrupt form of "y wyrion"

Maelgwn Gwynedd, the Dragon of Anglesey

A brief biography of this 6th century king built around the accounts of Gildas, in which we seek to identify the men and ladies mentioned but not named by this contemporary writer.  Included is a suggested scenerio of his early life, together with reasons why we believe he was merely an interim king of Gwynedd.

Ancestry of Cynan Tyndaethwy

Points to the chronological improbability that Cynan was a direct descendant of Maelgwn Gwynedd and suggests his actual descent from Cunedda was through Owain Ddantgwyn, the uncle of Maelgwn

Governance of Gwynedd, 754-825

Gives examples of how the early historians expanded the terse events recorded in the Brut y Tywysygion with pure conjecture, resulting in a muddled picture of the manner in which the new Gwynedd dynasty of Merfyn Frych supplanted that descended from Cunedda 

History of Gruffudd ap Cynan - A New Perspective

Applies chronological analysis to the ancient manuscript "Historia hen
Gruffud vab Kenan vab Yago" to ask a new question:  "Was the subject of the work a single man born c. 1055 and died in 1137, or two entirely different but related men with the patronymic names Gruffudd ap Cynan?"

The Unofficial History of Gruffudd nephew of Iago

A follow-up to the above paper which outlines a speculative series of events which may have concerned an earlier Gruffudd ap Cynan, the nephew of Iago ap Idwal, if he were an historic figure separate from the better-known Gruffudd ap Cynan, grandson of Iago ap Idwal. 

The Children of Gruffudd, Nephew of Iago

Discusses each of the children attributed to Gruffudd ap Cynan and attempts to assign each to the correct man of that name.  Both men of this name had sons called Cadwaladr and Cadwallon and a daughter named Gwenllian, born a generation apart.

Who was Maredudd ap Cynan?

Dispells the notion this man was the son of the mid-12th century Cynan ap Owain Gwenydd by securely dating him at least 80 years earlier, and suggests he was actually a brother of Gruffudd ap Cynan nephew of Iago.

In Search of Gwgan Gleddyfrudd

Posits that the man of this name found in pedigree material was the son of the 9th century Caradog Freich Fras of Rhos, not a shadowy 6th century figure whom some call a son of Caradog Freich Fras of Ewias and Gwent and others place at the 613 Battle of Chester

Pasgen ap "Urien Rheged" Lord of Gower

Shows why this Pasgen was born c. 850 and was NOT a son of the 6th century Urien ap Cynfarch Oer of the Men of the North, suggests the reasons for that false attribution, and offers a better guess as to his identification. 

Ancient Lordship of Gower

Describes the ancient Gower as the same kingdom in Ystrad Tywy some wrongfully call "Rheged" and attempts to answer the question "why would a man of Rhos in Gwynedd be not only welcomed into south Wales, but be granted a Lordship?"

Einion ap Llywarch of Carmarthenshire

Argues that the descendants of Pasgen ap Urien in south Wales included multiple men named Einion ap Llywarch, one of which was the ancester of Sir Rhys ap Thomas

Wikipedia's Lame Biography of Rhodri Mawr

A brief critique meant to debunk much of what is commonly claimed about Rhodri ap Merfyn Frych, the 9th century King of Gwynedd.  The referenced biography repeats the myths and conjecture of medieval authors whose Gwynedd bias virtually deified Rhodri.