1st GWYNEDD ROYAL FAMILY
The Gwynedd Royal dynasty which descended from Cunedda
Meibion Kunedda Wledig
Provides a translation and analysis of the section of Bonedd
yr Arwyr headed "Meibion Kunedda Wledig" where Hengwrt Ms 33 lists the sons and daughters of Cunedda, together with the acts
ascribed to 3 sons of "Gwron" and their cousin, Cadwallon Llawhir. The manuscript, now lost, was copied by 6 men in
the 16th century but those copies vary widely from each other in content. Those differences are examined here, so far
as they relate to daughters of Cunedda and the acts of the sons of Gwron.
Meirion Meirionydd "grandson" of Cunedda
Argues why the chronology and the text of Harleian Ms 3859
identify Meirion as the youngest son of Cunedda, not a son of Tybion ap Cunedda as most claim
Gwron, son of Cunedda
Seeks to explain why no son of Cunedda of this name appears
in the earliest lists and suggests Gwron is actually a corrupt form of "y wyrion"
Maelgwn Gwynedd, the Dragon of Anglesey
A brief biography of this 6th century king built around the
accounts of Gildas, in which we seek to identify the men and ladies mentioned but not named by this contemporary writer.
Included is a suggested scenerio of his early life, together with reasons why we believe he was merely an interim king of
Bridei and Domlech, "Children" of Maelgwn Gwynedd
Debunks these "siblings" as wholly imaginary people, conjured
up in response to a modern book best described as "misinformation" about Welsh history, but embraced by several
modern "internet genealogists".
Discusses an oral tradition which claims that Rhun
ap Maelgwn was an illegitimate child, and that the husband of a legitimate daughter laid claim to Gwynedd after King
Elidyr Contests Rhun - The Unanswered Questions
A follow-up of the above paper, positing that the men of
Arfon joined the Battle of Catraeth in c. 565 and THAT was the reason they were gone from home for an extended time and given
14 legal privileges
Governance of Gwynedd, 754-825
Gives examples of how the early historians
expanded the terse events recorded in the Brut y Tywysygion with pure conjecture, resulting in a muddled picture of the manner
in which the new Gwynedd dynasty of Merfyn Frych supplanted that descended from Cunedda
Interim Kings of Gwynedd's First Dynasty
Discusses 3 occasions where is was necessary to appoint an
interim king because the current king died, leaving an eldest son who was too young to be a Welsh king. Only in one
of those 3 cases did the interim king actually step aside when the true heir attained kingship age.
Ancestry of Cynan Dindaethwy
Points to the chronological improbability that Cynan was
a direct descendant of Maelgwn Gwynedd and suggests his actual descent from Cunedda was through Owain Ddantgwyn, the
uncle of Maelgwn
Cynan Dindaethwy - Further Notes
Revises some previous birth date estimates, and posits that
there was a second Cynan in the Gwynedd king list, being the father of Cynan Dindaethwy. Also posits that Caradog ap
Meirion, of a cousin line, served as an interim king immediately prior to the reign of Cynan Dindaethwy
In Search of Gwgan Gleddyfrudd
Posits that the man of this name found in pedigree material
was the son of the 9th century Caradog Freich Fras of Rhos, not a shadowy 6th century figure whom some call a son of Caradog
Freich Fras of Ewias and Gwent and others place at the 613 Battle of Chester
Pasgen ap "Urien Rheged" Lord of Gower
Shows why this Pasgen was born c. 850
and was NOT a son of the 6th century Urien ap Cynfarch Oer of the Men of the North, suggests the reasons for that false attribution,
and offers a better guess as to his identification.
Ancient Lordship of Gower
Describes the ancient Gower as the same kingdom in Ystrad
Tywy some wrongfully call "Rheged" and attempts to answer the question "why would a man of Rhos in Gwynedd be not only welcomed
into south Wales, but be granted a Lordship?"
Einion ap Llywarch of Carmarthenshire
Argues that the descendants of Pasgen ap Urien in south Wales
included multiple men named Einion ap Llywarch, one of which was the ancester of Sir Rhys ap Thomas
GWYNEDD ROYAL FAMILY
The Gwynedd Royal dynasty which descended from Merfyn Frych
Wikipedia's Lame Biography of Rhodri Mawr
A brief critique meant to debunk much of what is commonly
claimed about Rhodri ap Merfyn Frych, the 9th century King of Gwynedd. The referenced biography repeats the myths and
conjecture of medieval authors whose Gwynedd bias virtually deified Rhodri.
The Children of Rhodri Mawr
Provides an alphabetical listing and brief description
of children cited in ancient manuscripts as being fathered by Rhodri Mawr. Only 4 sons and 1 daughter are
believed to have survived the 878 death of Rhodri.
History of Gruffudd ap Cynan - A New Perspective
Applies chronological analysis to the ancient manuscript
Gruffud vab Kenan vab Yago" to ask a new question:
"Was the subject of the work a single man born c. 1055 and died in 1137, or two entirely different but related men with
the patronymic names Gruffudd ap Cynan?"
The Unofficial History of Gruffudd nephew of Iago
A follow-up to the above paper which
outlines a speculative series of events which may have concerned an earlier Gruffudd ap Cynan, the nephew of Iago
ap Idwal, if he were an historic figure separate from the better-known Gruffudd ap Cynan, grandson of Iago ap Idwal.
The Children of Gruffudd, Nephew of Iago
Discusses each of the children attributed to Gruffudd ap
Cynan and attempts to assign each to the correct man of that name. Both men of this name had sons called Cadwaladr and
Cadwallon and a daughter named Gwenllian, born a generation apart.
Who was Maredudd ap Cynan?
Dispells the notion this man was the son of the mid-12th
century Cynan ap Owain Gwenydd by securely dating him at least 80 years earlier, and suggests he was actually a
brother of Gruffudd ap Cynan nephew of Iago.
The Children of Owain Gwynedd
Lists the children cited for Owain Gwynedd in 4 groups: (1)
base sons born before he married; (2) born of his first wife; (3) born of his second wife; and (4) all other base children
Outlines the few things known about this eldest in-wedlock
son of King Owain Gwynedd, the father of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth later called Llewelyn the Great
Kingship of Gwynedd - 1170 to 1175
Seeks to clarify the events which took place after King Owain
Gwynedd died, as his sons battled over kingship succession.
Llewelyn ap Iorwerth and Ednyfed Fychan
Discusses the close relationship between King Llewelyn the
Great and his seneschal, Ednyfed Fychan, who was also his first-cousin-once-removed. This closeness included the
men sharing the same mistress.