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Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam
                          LLEWELYN AP HOEDLIW, LORD OF IS CERDIN
                                          By Darrell Wolcott
 
          Although this seemed to be a somewhat obscure man living in far south Ceredigion, we were intrigued by the fact that his pedigree is both of very late date and traces to men otherwise unknown to the main body of Welsh pedigree material. 
 
          Three 18th century manuscripts citing pedigrees of the gentry of Carmarthenshire, Cardigianshire and Pembrokeshire appear to be based on a common but unknown source.  The Dale Castle Ms (c. 1709), the Mabus Ms (c. 1720) and Peniarth Ms 156 (c. 1740) are almost identical in verbage and arrangement, although each contains material not in the others likely added by the individual owners of each manuscript.  One authority expressed the opinion that Pen. 156 was written by the same hand as the Golden Grove book.  The British Genealogist of c. 1693 reproduced in Peniarth Ms. 120 also has a pedigree of Llewelyn ap Hoedliw and might have been the source for the later copyist.
 
          The relevant pedigree reads "Llewelyn, Lord of Iscerdin ap Hoedliw ap Llawr ap Assur ap Dyfnfarch ap Morydd, king of Cardigan Anno Domini 830, ab Llywarch Llwyd ab Carwed ab Gwgan ab Meirchion gul ab Gorwst ledlwm ab Ceneu ab Coel godebog".
 
          The families descended from Llewelyn ap Hoedliw point to a birthdate for him c. 1170 and he could not have been fifth from a king who was living in AD 830, nor could a man living on that date be fourth from Meirchion Gul of c. 445.  Our first emendment would delete those names which follow "Gwgan ap Meirchion" on the probable grounds that the author of the pedigree mistook a much later man named Meirchion for the well-known 5th century Man of the North.  Secondly, we shall assume the family was descended from some king of Ceredigion living in AD 830, but not the one described in that manner in this pedigree.
 
           Our next emendation comes from the observation that the names immediately preceeding Hoedliw in the pedigree are names found often among the southwest Wales descendants of Tudwal Gloff, and the lands of Iscerdin lie adjacent to both Dyfed and Cantref Mawr. Thus we suggest the "Morydd" in the pedigree was actually "Morfydd", a daughter of Llywarch Llwyd who married into a family descended from Tudwal. 
 
           When we examine the family which ruled Cardigan from the 5th to the 9th centuries (men directly descended from Ceredig ap Cunedda), we find the following chart:
 
                             600  Arthfoddw ap Bodgu
                            __________l______________
                            l                                      l
               630  Arthglwys                   630  Einion Ddu
                            l                                      l
                 665  Clydog                       660  Seisyllt
                            l                                      l
                 700  Seisyllt                      690  Llowarch
                            l                                      l
                735  Arthgen                  720  Cloddien Frych
                            l                                      l
                765  Dyfnwal                      755  Caradog
                            l                                      l
                 800  Meurig                       785  Meurig
                            l                                      l
                 830  Gwgan(a)                     820  Einion(b)
                                             _____________l
                                             l
                                  855  Owain  
                           ___________l_____________
                           l                                      l  
              890  Teithwalch                         Meirchion  895 
                           l                                      l
                915  Odwin                              Gwgan  930    
                           l                                      l
               950  Morfydd(c)                           Carwed  965
                                                                 l
                                                        Llywarch Llwyd  995
                                                                 l
                                                            Morfydd(d)  1030
 
      (a)  King of Ceredigion who drowned in 872, leaving no children
       (b)  We suggest this man from a cousin line was chosen as the new king of Ceredigion in 872, NOT the husband of the sister of Gwgan ap Meurig as early conjecture claims.  Owain, his son, appears to have divided rule in Ceredigion between two sons: Teithwalch in the north and Meirchion in the south
       (c)  This heiress lived in far north Ceredigion and married a man from Meirionydd, Eunydd ap Cadifor, who was the ancestor of many families who acquired land in Ceredigion from this marriage; these include Peredur Beisgwyn and Gwaithfoed of Ceredigion
       (d)  We posit that this heiress, who lived in far south Ceredigion, married a man from Dyfed after which the ruling male line descended from Ceredig ap Cunedda became extinct; overall rule in Ceredigion had been usurped by Hywel Dda early in the 10th century
 
         Our choice for the husband of Morfydd ferch Llywarch Llwyd is Uchdryd ap Aleth ap Llawr ap Aelan ap Alser ap Tudwal Gloff, a man born c. 1020 and ancestor to Einion ap Celynin and other families.  We suggest the following chart for the combined family:
 
                                 865  Tudwal Gloff ap Rhodri Mawr
                                                l
                                      895  Alser
                                                l
                                      930  Aelan
                    _________________l_________
                    l                                          l
          965  Alser                              960  Llawr
                    l                                          l
          995  Aelan                             990  Aleth
                    l                                          l
     1030  Eunydd Gwyn                  1020  Uchdryd==Morydd f.
                    l                                          l         Llywarch Llwyd
       1060  Dyfnwal                       1050  Dyfnfarch*
                    l                                          l
       1090  Blegoryd                        1080  Alser (Assur)
                    l                                          l
       1120  Moriddig                         1110  Llawr
                   l                                           l
  1150  Moriddig Fychan                  1140  Hoedliw
                   l                                           l
      1185  Gwenllian=================Llewelyn[1]  1170
 
      *Other sons of Uchdryd ap Aleth (the one born c. 1020) were Aleth and Gwrgeneu.  Aleth was the father of Uchdryd ap Aleth of c. 1085.  Gwrgeneu was the grandfather of the Uchdryd ap Aleth of c. 1115 who was the ancestor of Einion ap Celynin of c. 1300.  There were several other men called Uchdryd ap Aleth among Tudwal's descendants
 
           Llewelyn and Gwenllian had 3 sons: Richard[2], Llewelyn II[3] and Rhys[4].  Richard, born c. 1200, had only the daughters, Lleuci and Arddun, who married the brothers Llewelyn Fychan and Rhys Gam ap Llewelyn Fychan.  Those brothers were the father and uncle of Rhys Chwith[5].
 
         Llewelyn ap Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, born c. 1205, was the great-grandfather of Lleuci ferch Richard ap Rhys who married a son of  Rhys Chwith[6].  Lleuci was born about 1300; her husband Llewelyn was born c. 1285.
 
         Rhys ap Llewelyn ap Hoedliw had a great-great granddaughter, Gwerfyl ferch Gruffudd Gethin ap Maredudd ap Gruffudd, born c. 1340.  She married Gwilym Llwyd ap Gwilym ap Gruffudd Goch ap Gwilym ap Rhys ap Rhydderch ap Cadifor ap Dyfnwal[7].  Cadifor ap Dyfnwal represents one of the best-known lines to descend from Tudwal Gloff; he was born c. 1140 and battled against the Normans in south Wales under the leadership of Lord Rhys, king of Deheubarth.
 
        The Lordship of Is Cerdin was a civil parish in the commote of Gwinionydd in far south Ceredigion, abutting both Dyfed and Ystrad Tywy.  One would expect those lands had been the inheritance of Dyfnfarch from his mother Morfydd ferch Llywarch Llwyd.
   
NOTES:
[1] Bodleian Add. C-177, 41 cites this marriage
[2] Pen. 177, 352
[3] Pen. 131, 258, 273 and 308
[4] Protheroe IV, 193
[5] Refer to the discussion of Rhys Chwith who is #5 in the series of papers discussing Bartrum's Pedogrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs elsewhere on this site
[6] This marriage is cited in Pen. 131, 258
[7] Dwnn i, 52, 227;  Gwillym Llwyd was born c. 1340 and Gwerfyl was not his first wife