Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
Owain Brogyntyn and his Family
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
The Unofficial "History" of Elystan of Powys
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
The Royal Family of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Welsh Ancestry of the Tudor Dynasty
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam

        Bartrum presents 5 pedigrees for the man of this name who was father to Bleddyn, king of Brycheiniog:
        (1)  "Bleddyn ap Maenyrch ap Kynydd ap Elystan glodrydd"
        (2)  "Bleddyn ap Maenyrch ap Drem bennawc ap Tryffin ap Drem ap Ku ap Gwenku ap Edvedd ap Sedd gyvedd ap Gwyngad ap Nos ap Hoyw ap Gloyw ap Caw ap Cowrda ap Caradoc vreichvras ap Llyr merini"
       (3)  "Bleddyn ap Maenyrch (ap Drum) ap Dryffin ap Hoyw ap Gloyw ap Ku ap Gwynku ap Anarawd ap Tangwydd ap Tegid ap Teithwalch ap Tathal ap Keindec ap Kynvarch (ap Hoyw ap Gloyw) ap Kaw ap Kowrda ap Kradoc freichfras"
      (4) "Bleddyn ap Maenyrch ap Drum ap Dryffin ap Hoyw ap Gloyw ap Ku and Gwynku (ap Hoyw ap Gloyw) ap Kaw ap Kowrda ap Kariadoc freichfras"
      (5) "Bleddyn ap Maenyrch ap Ku ap Gwnku ap Hoyw ap Gloyw ap Trum ap Tryffin (ap Ku ap Gwynku) ap Kaw ap Kowdr[a] ap Kariadoc vreichfras"
         Bartrum's notes to these pedigrees says:
        "Maenyrch is described as Distein o Vrecheinoc (Pen 132 p. 128). He was father of Bleddyn, of who it is said:
              'ar bedwredd vlwyddyn o wladychrwydd William Goch vrenin Lloyger i lladded y Belddyn hwnn gida Rys ap Tewdwr ymrw-wydyr y Battail garllaw glann Wysc trwy ryfel Barned Nywmark a Syr Reinallt Awbre ar marchogion Ffrengig erraill.'  (Mostyn 212b p. 129m similarly Llyfr Baglan pp. 120-1, 237, 268)
          "Battle is about 3 miles WNW of Brecon.  This is an amplification of ByT p. 33 recording the death of Rhys ap Tewdwr.  The corrected date is 1093.  The wife of Bleddyn ap Maenyrch is said to have been Elen, the sister of Rhys ap Tewdwr. (Mostyn 212b p. 129, Harl 2414 fo, 32r, Dwnn i.42, 107).  Other sons of Maenyrch were Trymbenog and Madog.  The genealogies are consistent in putting the birth of Maenyrch in about 1010.  Rhys Goch of Ystrad Yw is sometimes made a son of Maenyrch"
         "[pedigrees (1) and (2)] gained no currency.  The commonest versions were [pedigree (3)] and its shorter form [pedigree (4)]. [pedigree (5)] takes names from [pedigree (3)] but in a different order".
         There is nothing to recommend this construction.  Elystan Glodrydd was associated with Buillt but not Brycheiniog, and he had no son named Cunedda.  He was born c. 990, and any grandson on his would not occur earlier than c. 1050.  Maenyrch the father of Bleddyn was born c. 1015.
          While the 5 early generations ending with Caradog Freich Fras are confirmed in other sources, most of the names which separate those men from Maenyrch are otherwise unknown.  The name "Drem bennawc" in this pedigree, and "Drum" in two others, is probably "Drwmboenig" who was a brother of Bleddyn and son of Maenrych.  In any event, the pedigree is at least two generations short to reach back to Caradog Freich Fras[1].
          Most, but not all, of the names we would insert between the c. 1015 Maenyrch and the c. 475 Caradog Freich Fras are found in this pedigree.  Bartrum would delete one pair of "Hoyw ap Gloyw", but chose the wrong pair.  The early portion of the pedigree is correct with "Keindec/Cyndeg ap Cynfarch ap Hoyw ap Gloyw ap Caw ap Cowrda ap Caradog Freich Fras" and the section "ap Gwynku/Gwenddy ap Anarawd ap Tangwydd ap Tegid ap Teithwalch" is also correct. The father of Maenyrch was Dryffin, so "Drum" was correctly striken from the pedigree.  The "Ku" seen in several of these pedigrees probably represents "Hwgan", a name which does occur twice in the correct pedigree of Maenyrch.
         This abbreviated version of Pedigree (3) adds nothing to the search for a credible set of ancestors, but omits several names which belong in the pedigree.
          There is nothing to like about this version, and it contains far too few names to link Maenyrch to Caradog Freich Fras.
          The paragraph which Bartrum cites from Mostyn 212b, 129 says:
          "In the 4th year of the reign of William Rufus, king of England, was the killing of Bleddyn and Rhys ap Tewdwr in an engagement at Battle on the banks of the Wye, with warriors Bernard Newmarch and Sir Reginald Aubrey and other Norman knights"
          The year stated, 1091, comes from early translations of the Brut which scholars have adjusted to 1093.
          The father of Rhys Goch of Ystrad Yw was named Maenyrch, but a wholly different man than the one who had a son, Bleddyn.  His ancestry will be examined in Patriarch #16 of this series.
          Bartrum did not, in his notes to this pedigree, mention a wife for Maenyrch. But in his later work[2], he anachronistically gives him a wife who he dates as c. 1100.  Actually that lady, Elen ferch Einion ap Selyf, was born c. 980 and married a wholly different Maenyrch ap Dryffin.  Both Elen and her Maenyrch were a part of the Irish Deisi tribe which ruled Brychieniog prior to c. 800 and were lords of Cantref Selyf thereafter[3].
          In our charts, we have followed the pedigree offered by Theophilius Jones[4] when collated with that given in Llyfr Baglan[5] to arrive at:
          Bleddyn (c. 1045) ap Maenyrch (c. 1015) ap Dryffin (c. 980) ap Hwgan (c. 945) ap Gwynngy (c. 910) ap Hydd Hwgan (c. 875) ap Gwenddy (c. 840) ap Anarawd (c. 805) ap Tangwydd (c. 775) ap Tegid (c. 740) ap Teithwalch (c. 705) ap Cyndegg (c. 670) ap Cynfarch (c. 640) ap Hoyw (c. 605) ap Gloyw (c. 575) ap Caw (c. 540) ap Cawrdaf (c. 505) ap Caradog Freich Fras (c. 475).

[1] The Caradog Freich Fras in the pedigree of Maenyrch is the man of the Arthurian era and no relation to the much later Caradog Freich Fras of Gwynedd found in the pedigree of Heilig ap Glannog.  Also see the paper "Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras" elsewhere on this site.
[2] "Welsh Genealogies AD300 - 1400", 1974, Vol 3, chart Maenyrch 1
[3] For the other man also named Maenyrch ap Dryffin, see the paper "Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions" elsewhere on this site.
[4] T. Jones "The History of Brecknockshire", Glanusk Edition, vol i, pp. 51-56; vol ii, p. 173
[5] LB 120