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Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Welsh Ancestry of the Tudor Dynasty
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam
 
                               MAREDUDD AP ROBERT, LORD OF CEDEWAIN
                                                By Darrell Wolcott
 
           Cedewain is a commote in mid-Powys lying between Caerenion and Ceri and east of Arwystli.  In the early 11th century, it appears to have formed a portion of the kingdom of Arwystli ruled by Gwyn ap Collwyn who descended from Tegonwy ap Teon and thence from Cassanuth Wledig of the 5th century. As we suggested in another paper[1], Gwyn must have married into the Powys royal family which provided the required bloodlines for his grandson's appointment as its interim king. When the sons of that man, Trahaearn ap Caradog ap Gwyn, attained adulthood, Owain ap Trahaearn became Lord of the cantref of Arwystli and Llywarch ap Trahaearn became Lord of the commote of Cedewain.
 
         This Llywarch had several sons, but the eldest suffered a mental breakdown[2] and three others were slain in his lifetime[3].  When Llywarch died, the Lordship of Cedewain was confirmed to a surviving son, Robert.  Gwladys, a sister of Robert, married Owain Gwynedd[3].  Among the sons of Robert were Maredudd and Robert.
The elder of these, Maredudd, followed his father as Lord of Cedewain around 1180.  In 1197, Gwenwynwyn of Cyfeiliog added Arwystli (including Cedewain) to his south Powys kingdom by conquest.  One can only guess whether or not Maredudd ap Robert survived this invasion[4], but in 1208 Llewelyn ap Iorwerth seized the lands of Gwenwynwyn when the latter was jailed by King John.  Llewelyn's father Iorwerth was a first-cousin of Maredudd and Robert ap Robert, both now dead, so he bestowed the Lordship on Maredudd ap Robert ap Robert on the alleged grounds that the sons of Maredudd ap Robert ap Trahaearn were not conceived in wedlock[5].  A chart will show the relationships:
 
                                      1035  Trahaearn
                                                     l
                                       1070  Llywarch
                               _____________l________
                               l                                 l
                  1110  Robert                1115  Gwladys===Owain G
              ___________l______                               l          1100
              l                           l                               l
 1145  Robert         1143  Maredudd*                 Iorwerth  1130
              l                                                          l
 1175  Maredudd** (ob 1244)                     Llewelyn the Great  1165
 
         * First-cousin once-removed of Llewelyn the Great, whose father was Maredudd's first cousin
         ** Nephew of the c. 1143 Maredudd to whom the Lordship of Cedewain was said to be given because the earlier Maredudd's sons were, according to Dwnn, not by his lawful wife.  His Lordship of Cedewain was confirmed by Henry III in 1241
 
           Many medieval and modern pedigrees confuse the two men in this family named Maredudd ap Robert.  It is not known who, if anyone, the Maredudd of c. 1143 married; his known children were apparently illegitimate.  These included a son Owain, who had an only daughter Sioned[6]; sons Gruffudd and Hywel[7]; a daughter Alison[8] born c. 1185 who married Einion ap Cynfelyn of c. 1170; and daughter Dyddgu[9] born c. 1185 who married Trahaearn ap Iorwerth, Lord of Garthmyl, born c. 1170.
 
          Robert ap Robert had married a cousin, Sioned ferch Samuel ap Cadafael ap Llywarch[10]; his son Maredudd ap Robert of c. 1175 married Efa ferch Maredudd Fychan ap Maredudd Hen ap Hywel ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn[11], a lady born c. 1190.  It is this Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain, whose obit is recorded in 1244[12] and who was mentioned in the Brut in 1211, 1212 and 1215 as an ally of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth in his battles against King John and the Norman settlers in Wales. 
 
         Maredudd ap Robert ap Robert left a daughter Alison[13], born c. 1220, who married Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg, and a son Owain born c. 1210 who married Marged ferch Maelgwn Fychan ap Maelgwn ap Lord Rhys[14].  This Owain ap Maredudd was confirmed as Lord of Cedewain in 1248[15], but he died with an only daughter Angharad[16].
 
                

NOTES:
[1] See "Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli" elsewhere on this site
[2] See "Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain" elsewhere on this site
[3] ABT 2(a)
[4] He was last known to be alive c. 1195 when he granted lands to the nuns at Llanlugan; the charter is reproduced in Montgomeryshire Collections, vol ii, p. 225
[5] Dwnn ii, 284
[6] Dwnn i, 314
[7] These sons are named in the grant mentioned in Note 4 above
[8] Dwnn i, 304, 310 & 320
[9] Dwnn i, 111
[10] Dwnn i, 136
[11] Montgomeryshire Collections, vol x, p. 147
[12] ByT for 1244
[13] Dwnn i, 300
[14] Pen. 131, 126 & 182; her obit is recorded in ByT in 1255
[15] ByT for 1248
[16] Dwnn ii, 54